PELCAT results presented in PLASTIC’ 2020

Our colleague Berta Sala Solà from the IDAEA-CSIC has presented important results from our PELCAT project regarding “Organophosphate esters in edible fish from the Mediterranean Sea” in PLASTIC’ 2020 symposium.

 

A trophic latitudinal gradient revealed in anchovy and sardine from the Western Mediterranean Sea using a multi-proxy approach

Do you want to learn about what sardines and anchovies eat in the Western Mediterranean Sea?

This is an important outcome of our PELWEB project, just came out today!

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-74602-y

 

figure2

We have a PhD scholarship to investigate Nature-Based Solutions in marine ecosystems!

We are looking for candidates to apply for a PhD scholarship/contract in the next FPU call of the Government of Spain (expected between October and November 2020).

The PhD thesis will be developed at the Institute of Marine Sciences (CSIC, Barcelona) in the context of the recently funded European project FutureMares.

The objective of the thesis is to characterize the synergistic effect of climate change and fisheries-induced evolution on exploited populations, and consequently, on the functioning of marine trophic interactions. The thesis will deepen on the changes of marine ecosystems under climate change and intensive fishing, their adaptive capacity, and how they respond to different nature-based solutions (marine protected areas, sustainable management and recovery of degraded habitats). The methodological approach of the thesis will involve the use of statistical and mechanistic modelling techniques of marine ecosystems with special focus on the Mediterranean Sea.

We are looking for candidates with a degree in the field of marine sciences, biological sciences, environmental sciences or similar and with an academic record higher than 8. Candidates with a degree from a non-Spanish University must possess (or have processed) a certificate of homologation. Candidates must be enrolled in a doctoral program at a Spanish university, or be studying an official university master’s degree that gives access to a doctoral program. A good level of English is essential and knowledge of statistics and programming with packages like R is recommended.

Interested candidates, contact Marta Coll (mcoll@icm.csic.es) and Valerio Sbragaglia (sbragaglia@icm.csic.es).

EU-funded FutureMARES project starts

The new EU-funded project FutureMARES about Climate Change and Future Marine Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity just started (01/09/2020) and will keep us busy for the next 4 years.

The website of the project is now live: https://www.futuremares.eu/

 

 

Advancing global ecological modelling capabilities to simulate future trajectories of change in marine ecosystems

Our new paper regarding global marine ecosystem modelling is out in Frontiers in Marine Science

Check it out here: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmars.2020.567877/abstract

 

In this study, we present a global ecosystem modelling complex, EcoOcean v2, and use it to simulate past and future scenarios of marine ecosystem change, where we quantify the impacts of alternative configurations of the ecological model, responses to alternative climate-change scenarios, and the additional impacts of fishing. Our results show how future ecological trajectories are sensitive to alternative configurations of EcoOcean, highlighting the importance of model structural uncertainty in marine ecosystem models. Our results also show important changes in marine organism biomass distributions and in ecosystem structure under various scenarios of climate change. Ecological trajectories are sensitive to environmental drivers from alternative ESM outputs and RCPs, they show spatial variability and more severe changes when IPSL model and RCP 8.5 scenario are used. Under a non-fishing configuration, larger organisms show decreasing trends, while smaller organisms show mixed or increasing results. Fishing intensifies the negative effects predicted by climate change, which results in stronger biomass declines for species already losing under climate change, or dampened positive impacts for those increasing. Several species groups that win under climate change become losers under combined impacts, while only a few (small benthopelagic fish and cephalopods) species are projected to show positive biomass changes under cumulative impacts.

Researchers propose expanding the network of MPAs to ensure the future of sharks and rays in the western Mediterranean

A group of researchers from the Institut de Ciències del Mar (ICM) of Barcelona, the Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals (CREAF), the Instituto Español de Oceanografía (IEO) and the University of Queensland (Australia) has shown that the current network of marine protected areas (MPAs) in Spanish Mediterranean waters does not protect properly sharks and rays.

 

Read more at:

https://www.icm.csic.es/en/news/researchers-propose-expanding-network-mpas-ensure-future-sharks-and-rays-western-mediterranean

https://elpais.com/ciencia/2020-07-28/la-alarmante-situacion-de-los-tiburones.html

More than half of sardines and anchovies in the Western Mediterranean have microplastics in their intestines

Website alive again!

After the website was down for a while, I found the time to bring it back to live.

State-of-the-art global models underestimate impacts from climate extremes

New paper in Nature Communications about the capabilities of regional and global models to capture extreme events, including marine models

https://rdcu.be/bo2L8

Spatial congruence between multiple stressors in the Mediterranean Sea may reduce its resilience to climate impacts

Check out our new paper on multiple stressors in the Mediterranean Sea

Ramírez, F., Coll, M., Navarro, J., Bustamante, J., Green, A., 2018. Spatial congruence between multiple stressors in the Mediterranean Sea may reduce its resilience to climate impacts. Scientific Reports 8, 14871.

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-33237-w